U.S. Presidents in Chronological Order
The president of the United States is elected to a four year “term”, with a limit of two terms, known as the “presidential term of office.” This is set out in Article I Section II Clause V of the Constitution. A presidential election takes place every four years. There are no limits on how many times a person can run for president, though there are some restrictions on eligibility. Under the Twenty-second Amendment, a president cannot serve more than two consecutive terms.
A president is “in office” during his term of office; he does not become president immediately upon taking office. He must wait until the end of his term to take office. After leaving office, a former president may still influence public policy.
The President of the United States is both the chief executive and head of state of the United States. He or she presides over the Executive Branch and represents the nation abroad. The current president is Donald Trump.
The president is commander-in-chief of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, Coast Guard, Public Health Service, and several smaller armed forces; he is the principal organ of foreign policy and the head of the federal department responsible for executing it. The vice president serves as acting president whenever the president is absent or unable to perform his duties.
The president is the leader of the most powerful political party in Congress, usually holding the majority of seats in the House of Representatives and the Senate. As such, the president selects the members of the Cabinet and nominates judges to the Supreme Court. In practice, however, the president often consults with congressional leaders before making decisions about whom to nominate, and once appointed, judges are subject to confirmation hearings before being confirmed. The president has the power to fire officials within the executive branch, although many officials may be fired by the president’s subordinates.
The president is directly elected by popular vote for a four-year term. The Electoral College meets at each state capital on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December, when electors from each state and territory meet to cast their electoral votes for president and vice president. Each elector receives one vote for president and another for vice president. If an elector casts more than one vote, they are required by law to cast all of their votes for the same candidate. Electors have never been allowed to change their votes.
The president is sworn into office in front of the Capitol Building in Washington D.C., where the oath of office is administered by the Chief Justice of the United States. The president then delivers a brief inaugural address, which is followed by a ceremonial swearing-in ceremony.
The president appoints the heads of government agencies, including cabinet secretaries and agency heads, ambassadors, military commanders, and other high-ranking officers. The president also has the authority to fill vacancies that occur in the Senate, the House of Representatives, and the courts. The president may remove any official who holds a position in the executive branch, but only for cause.
The president sets the agenda for the administration through the process of appointing people to key positions in the White House and throughout the federal government. Appointments require Senate confirmation. The president can also make recess appointments during Congressional recesses lasting longer than three days without approval from the Senate. Recess appointments do not expire if the appointment was made while the Senate was in session.
The president has the power to grant pardons and reprieves (pardons) to individuals convicted of crimes. A pardon does not relieve guilt, but rather removes punishment. It cannot be used to commute a sentence of death, nor can it shorten a sentence. Pardons are granted by the president alone, except in cases of impeachment.
The president has broad discretion over foreign affairs. He makes treaties with other nations, and sends diplomatic representatives abroad. He also has the ability to recognize foreign governments. However, he must submit his recognition of a new nation to the Senate for advice and consent.
The president is commander-in-chief of the armed forces. This means that he or she directs the activities of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and National Guard. The president also serves as the head of the Department of Defense.
The president is the chief diplomat of the United States. As such, he or she negotiates international agreements, oversees relations between the United States and its allies, and represents the country in negotiations with other countries. The president also has responsibility for overseeing the State Department and the Department of Homeland Security.
The president is responsible for enforcing laws passed by Congress. The president’s role in this regard includes signing bills into law, vetoing legislation, and issuing proclamations. In addition, the president has the power to enforce existing laws and prosecute those who violate them.
The president is responsible for nominating judges to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. Judges are nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate. Once appointed, judges hold lifetime tenure.
The president is charged with ensuring that the laws enacted by Congress are faithfully executed. To carry out this duty, the president enforces all federal laws, investigates violations of the law, and seeks prosecution when warranted.
The president is elected every four years. The president and vice president run on separate tickets; however, they both take office at the same time.
|1.||1789-1797||George Washington, independent|
|2.||1797-1801||John Adams, Federalist|
|3.||1801-1809||Thomas Jefferson, Jefferson Republican|
|4.||1809-1817||James Madison, Jefferson Republican|
|5.||1817-1825||James Monroe, Jefferson Republican|
|6.||1825-1829||John Quincy Adams, Federalist|
|7.||1829-1837||Andrew Jackson, Democrat|
|8th.||1837-1841||Martin Van Buren, Democrat|
|9.||1841-1841||William Harrison, Whig|
|10||1841-1845||John Tyler, Whig|
|11.||1845-1849||James Knox Polk, Democrat|
|12.||1849-1850||Zachary Taylor, Whig|
|13.||1850-1853||Millard Fillmore, Whig|
|14||1853-1857||Franklin Pierce, Democrat|
|15||1857-1861||James Buchanan, Democrat|
|16||1861-1865||Abraham Lincoln, Republican|
|17||1865-1869||Andrew Johnson, Democrat|
|18||1869-1877||Ulysses Grant, Republican|
|19||1877-1881||Rutherford Hayes, Republican|
|20||1881-1881||James Garfield, Republican|
|21||1881-1885||Chester A Arthur, Republican|
|22||1885-1889||Grover Cleveland, Democrat|
|23||1889-1893||Benjamin Harrison, Republican|
|24||1893-1897||Grover Cleveland, Democrat|
|25||1897-1901||William McKinley, Republican|
|26||1901-1909||Theodore Roosevelt, Republican|
|27||1909-1913||William H. Taft, Republican|
|28||1913-1921||Woodrow T. Wilson, Democrat|
|29||1921-1923||Warren G. Harding, Republican|
|30||1923-1929||John Calvin Coolidge, Republican|
|31||1929-1933||Herbert Clark Hoover, Republican|
|32||1933-1945||Franklin D Roosevelt, Democrat|
|33||1945-1953||Harry S Truman, Democrat|
|34||1953-1961||Dwight D. Eisenhower, Republican|
|35||1961-1963||John F Kennedy, Democrat|
|36||1963-1969||Lyndon B Johnson, Democrat|
|37||1969-1974||Richard Nixon, Republican|
|38||1974-1977||Gerald Ford, Republican|
|39||1977-1981||James Earl Carter, Democrat|
|40||1981-1989||Ronald Reagan, Republican|
|41||1989-1993||George HW Bush, Republican|
|42||1993-2001||Bill Clinton, Democrat|
|43||2001-2009||George W Bush, Republican|
|44||2009-2017||Barack Hussein Obama, Democrat|
|45||2017-2021||Donald Trump, Republican|
|46||since 2021||Joseph (Joe) Robinette Biden Jr., Democrat|
Presidents who died in office
The most recent presidents to die in office are President John F. Kennedy, who was assassinated in 1963; former President Gerald Ford, who passed away in 2006; and former President George H.W. Bush, who died in 2018.
Here are some of the others who have died while president:
– Abraham Lincoln: Assassinated April 14, 1865
– James Garfield: Shot July 2, 1881
– William McKinley: Assassinated September 5, 1901
– Benjamin Harrison: Died February 25, 1889
– Woodrow Wilson: Died October 3, 1919
– Warren G. Harding: Passed away August 2, 1923
– Herbert Hoover: Died January 20, 1964
– Ronald Reagan: Died June 5, 2004
– Bill Clinton: Died December 26, 2016
Presidents who were assassinated in office
The list of presidents who died while serving in office includes some of America’s most beloved names. Here are the presidents who lost their lives during their terms in office.
35 John Fitzgerald Kennedy
President John F. Kennedy was shot dead in Dallas on November 22, 1963. He was elected president in 1960. His presidency lasted just over one term.
25 William McKinley
William McKinley became president in 1897. He was killed in 1901 by Leon Czolgosz, a disgruntled anarchist.
20 James Abram Garfield
James A. Garfield served as the 21st President of the United States from 1881 to 1885. He was shot by Charles J. Guiteau on July 2, 1881.
16 Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809. He was elected president of the United States in 1860. On April 14, 1865, he was mortally wounded by assassin John Wilkes Booth.